In the 1940’s Disney was well on it’s way to fame when they created Fantasia, directed by Joe Grant and Dick Huemer. The film consist of 8 different animations all set to music which were conducted Leopold Stokowski, and seven out of the eight pieces were preformed by the Philadelphia Orchestra. The concept of created when the production of The Sorcerer’s Apprentice one of there many Silly Symphonies. Was first released in theatrical roadshow engagements in thirteen cities in the US on November 13, 1940. Because of it’s release date being so close to the US’s involvement in World War II the reception was varied.
Fantasia has eight short animated storied including Toccata and Fugue in D Minor, which used music by Johann Sebastian Bach. Abstract patterns, animated lines and cloud formation amongst other things illustrate this short. Nutcracker Suite by Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky this I depicted by the changing of the seasons dancing to selections of the ballet. Rite of Spring by Igor Stravinsky which shows a visual history of the earths beginning set to a ballet score. The Sorcerer’s Apprentice by Paul Dukas, which depicts Mickey Mouse as a young apprentice for Yen Sid and attempting and failing to do magic.
The film had changed much from the original Disney short the sketches used gouache paints. They also redesigned Mickey giving him pupils this time. The whole film had a three color spectrum and many layers and masks. But what stood out the most was the cell-animation that was used through out the film and the multi-plane camera that was used most of the time. Also like much of Disney’s early work the rotoscope was used secretly.
This work was not received well until the 60’s and the drug revolution in which it made a profit of 2.28 million dollars. The film was promoted with a psychedelic-styled advertisement becoming popular amongst those using drugs for a psychedelic experience. After that the film became and a classic favorite of many. In 2000 the film was remade was new animation and some new shorts.